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Modern Methods of Plant Analysis
Editor(s) :K. Paech, M.V. Tracey

ISBN : 9788132203636
Name : Modern Methods of Plant Analysis
Price : 19995.00
Volume : 7 vol.sets
Editor/s : K. Paech, M.V. Tracey
Type : Text Book
Pages : 542
Year of Publication : Rpt.2011
Publisher : Springer/BSP Books
Binding : Paperback

About the Book

Many outstanding advances in modern biology have been made as a result of the invention and application of efficient methods. This does not necessarily mean that we are living in an age of methods but every stride towards the solution of an important biological problem has been, and will have to be, prepared by the forging of the appropriate method. There are not very many ‘classical’ techniques that have become part of the standard equipment of biological research. Again and again chemistry and physics provide more specific, more exact, and more convenient analytical devices that are taken over by biochemists and modified to suit plant material. If published in purely analytical journals these recent methods are hidden in a welter of other methods applying to all fields of analysis from petroleum to heavy metal alloys. When they

appear in the methods section of papers on specialized biochemical subjects they may be obscured by a title and discussion giving no hint of the presence of a valuable method or of its general applicability. As a result new methods very often do not immediately reach those manifold groups of research workers to whom they would be of the greatest use.

These are the considerations that led to the plan of this handbook. We are convinced that there is a real need for a collection of reliable upto-

date methods for plant analysis in large areas of applied biology ranging from agricultural and horticultural experiment stations to pharmaceutical and technical institutions concerned with raw materials of plant origin. A part from the study of plant metabolism in which analytical methods are essential many branches of pure botany, originally not concerned with the chemical composition of plants, have developed in such a way as a depend on accurate knowledge of the nature and amounts of plant constituents. This applies among others to genetics, the physiology of growth, and taxonomy. The scattered publication of analytical methods and lack of experience in judging chemical methods makes it hazardous for many of the newcomers in the field of plant analysis to find or select the best available methods for their purposes. The collection offered in this handbook may help to pave the way for tackling problems in those fields of pure botany where chemical components are useful as indicators of the varied activities of the living plant cell. It is not in the scope of this work to produce a handbook of plant metabolism or a biochemical system of plant substances. Had it been, then the structure of the book and the arrangement of the contents would have been more logical than that which has been imposed by the purely analytical considerations that prevail in the present work, for example, mineral substances could not have been separated from many other sections. The ambition of the editors, however, was to produce a laboratory manual of the highest standard possible. The authors of the various chapters undertake the task of discussing the detailed techniques of analysis in such a way that the user of these volumes will be able to make the greatest use of the authors’ experience and knowledge of experimental biochemistry. The purpose of the work is furthered by the fact that the authors have avoided discussing problems of the biogenesis and metabolism of the substances with which they are concerned, tempting and fruitful though these physiological considerations may have appeared to them.

Volume I concerned with analytical methods of general application. Volume VI is concerned with adding to the range of groups of compounds dealt with in Volumes II-IV. Volume V has been planned to supplement and bring up to date the original Vol. I. The work as originally planned did not include a consideration of methods for the detection and assay of enzymes. The scope of the work has now been enlarged and in Volume VI will also be found a treatment of general methods of enzyme chemistry while in Vol. VII individual groups of enzymes are covered.

Contents

Volume - I • General methods for separation • Making and Handling Extracts • Electrical-Transport methods • Colorimetric, Absorptimetric and Fluorimetric methods • Principles of Biological assay • Methods of involving labelled atoms • Estimation of pH values • Oxidation-Reduction

potentials • Gasometric analysis in plant investigation • Cytochemical methods • Mineral components and ash analysis

Volume - II • Mono- and Oligosaccharides and Acidic Monosaccharide Derivatives • Acyclic Sugar Alcohols • Phosphorylated Sugars • Starch, Glycogen, Fructosans and Similar Polysaccharides • Cellulose and Hemicelluloses • Pectin • Chitin • The Analysis of Plant Gums and Mucilages • Glycosides as a General Group • Fats and Other Lipids Volatile Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones and Esters • Volatile Acids • Non Voltatile Mono, Di- and Triarboxylic Acids • Lactones

Volume - III • Pyrethring and Allied Compounds • Triterpene und Triterpen-Saponine • Carotenoids • The Determination of Rubber and Gutta in Plants • Simple Benzene Derivatives • Natural Tropolones • Natural Phenylpropane Derivatives • Lignans • Growth substances in Higher plants • Antibiotics

Volume - IV • Peptides (Bound Amino Acids) and Free Amino Acids • Proteins • Seed Proteins • Methods of Determining the Nutritive value of

Proteins • Urea and Ureides • Chlorophylls: Analysis in Plant Material • Haematin Compounds • Nucleic Acids, their Components and Related

Compounds • Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphate • Codehydrasen I und II (Diphospho-pyridin-nucleotid und Triphospho-pyridinnucleotid) • Thiamine and its Derivatives • The Alkaloids • Amine und Betaine • Melanins

Volume - V • Emission and Atomic Absorption Spectrochemical Methods • Mass Spectrometric Methods • Plant Spectra: Absorption and Action

• Vapour Phase Chromatography • Ion-Exchange Chromatography • Paper Chromatography on a Preparative Scale • Determination of Size, Shape and Homogeneity of Macromolecules in Solution • Optical Rotatory Dispersion • Its Application to Protein Conformation • Tissue and Single cell Cultures of Higher Plants as a Basic Experimental Method • Immunological Methods • Polarography and Tensammetry • Fallout Contamination in Plants

Volume - VI • Determination of Sulfhydryl Groups • Humulones, Lupulones and Other Constituents of Hops • Lichen Substances • Kinetin and Kinetin-Like Compounds I • General Methods of Enzymology • Interpretation of Results II • General Methods of Preperation and Purification • General Methods of Preparation • General Aspects of Enzyme Purification and Characterization • Purification of Enzymes by Ion Exchange Chromatography • Estimation of Metabolites by Enzymes • Enzymic Assays of Amino Acids and Keto Acids

Volume - VII • Enzymes of phosphate metabolism • Enzymes of inorganic nitrogen metabolism • Enzymes of vitamin metabolism • Enzymes involved in the synthesis and breakdown of Indoleacetic acid • Enzymes of aromatic biosynthesis • Enzymes of amino acid metabolism • Enzymes of peptide and protein metabolism • Enzymes of synthesis of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides • Enzymes of fat metabolism • Enzymes of carbohydrate synthesis • Enzymes of glycolysis • Enzymes of the pentose phosphate cycle • Enzyme systems in photosynthesis • Enzymes of the Krebs cycle, the Glyoxalate cycle and related enzymes • Enzymes of terminal respiration • Summary of Recommendations on Enzyme Terminology
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